English compound sentence
English compound sentence
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The compound sentence
The Compound Sentence: two or more main or independent clauses.
Main clauses can be separated by a period '.' semicolon ';' and
It indicates a complete stop. Example:
A baby's first birthday is celebrated with the Baby Luau. This
special occasion is accompanied by many time-honored rituals.
It is used to connect main clauses and indicates a complete stop.
It can be used to join main clauses that are closely related in
The first born child is called hiapo; in the past, a male hiapo
was raised by his grandparents; he was referred to as punahele
or chosen; over the course of time, he would be responsible for
preserving the family's history by memorizing genealogy charts.
The semicolon has a secondary function. It is used to separate
multiple items in a series. It is used when items with commas make
it hard to see where one item stops and another begins. Example:
In Korean families, certain items were set on a table in front of
the birthday child with the intention of allowing him or her to
choose a future path from among things like rice, indicating that
here would always be food on the table; noodles which were meant to
insure a long life; dried red dates, placed on a dish, that
expressed a silent wish for that baby to grow up to bear many
children in the future, and a silver dollar to stake a claim on a
life of wealth.
It is used to begin or end a series of related ideas and indicates
a complete stop. A series using a colon must be preceded or
followed by a main clause. Examples:
Other objects placed before the child indicated possible career
choices to be followed: selecting a book meant becoming a scholar;
picking up a pencil pointed to a career as a writer; grasping a
paint brush indicated a desire to become an artist.
In the preceding example, the colon (:) at the end of the main
clause signals the start of a series. Semicolons (;) separate the
main clause items in that series. Once again, a series using a
colon must be preceded or followed by a main clause.
At a birthday celebration for a girl, objects with symbolic
associations might include: a doll to indicate the likelihood of
her becoming a good mother or a needle and thread to forecast her
future role as a talented seamstress.
On the other hand, a boy would be presented with items such as
these to choose from: a hammer meant a future as a carpenter, and
a miniature shovel spoke of an interest in farming.
Here is a list of coordinate connectives which should be memorized.
They are 'for', 'and', 'nor', 'but', 'or', 'yet', and 'so'.
Use 'for' to indicate a reason for doing something.
Use 'and' to indicate a continuation of thought.
Use 'nor' to indicate a double negative meaning not this one and
not that one.
Use 'but' to indicate a contrast.
Use 'or' to indicate an alternative.
Use 'yet' to indicate a contrast.
Use 'so' to indicate a result.
The primary function of coordinate connectives is to join main
clauses of equal weight and value.
Main clauses can be linked together with a comma and a coordinate
Because the written language follows the spoken one, a comma
(pause) plus the coordinate connective is used to join main
The coordinate connective is also used to prevent run-on sentences.
Placing symbolic gifts in front of a child to choose from and
reading meaning into the first item touched is not all that
unusual, for on the Mainland, it was customary to place a slice of
bread, a coin, and a Bible in front of a small child to see if
health, wealth, or wisdom =would be dominant in that young
If the coordinate connective nor is used to join two main clauses,
the second main clause will always have inverted word order, and
the =verb will come before the subject. Example:
Foods like hard boiled eggs tinted red and served with sweet
pickled ginger as a symbol of new birth, dried aku or tuna, and
salted lomi salmon prepared with tomatoes and onions were never
in short supply, nor was there a shortage of tables, decorated
with ti leaves and flowers, to display colorful foods to their best
Secondary Functions of coordinate connectives are used to join
items in a series.
If the items in the series are short, simple words or phrases, only
commas (pauses) and a coordinate connective are needed to separate
Current standard usage calls for a comma after the item before last
in a series. Example:
A pua'a or kalua pig was quite often the focal point of the edible
feast after it had been killed, roasted in an underground oven or
imu, and served up to invited guests.
The coordinate and, which links equals, may be used in place of
commas to separate related items in a series. Example:
Gifts for the one-year-old guest of honor traditionally include
items of clothing and toys wrapped in red paper and money placed
Coordinate connectives are used to join words of equal weight and
Newly composed songs and chants and a wide selection of
"ono-licious" foods made the Baby Luau a memorable event and
created a desire on the part of the guests to savor the chance to
"talk story" with friends and relatives on such a happy occasion.
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