English extensive reading
Extensive reading, in short, is everything that intensive reading is not. The material for extensive reading should not be hard or boring. Extensive reading is very important in English learning because it not only broadens the backgroud knowledge to improve reading comprehension, but also consolidate or review what you have learned before, which is an important section in lanaguage learning.
Benefits of extensive reading
Benefits of extensive reading are listed as follows:
1. It can provide "massive comprehensible input".
2. It can enhance learners' general language competence.
3. It can increase knowledge of previously learned vocabulary.
4. It leads to improvement in writing.
5. It can motivate learners to read.
6. It teaches you about the culture of the target language people.
7. It can consolidate previously learned language.
8. It helps to build confidence with extended texts.
9. It facilitates the development of prediction skills.
To maximize the above benefits, you should remember that newly acquired vocabulary is fragile. Therefore, the most important vocabulary to use is the vocabulary just learned. Obviously, you don't want to introduce too much new vocabulary at one time, either. Aside from making sure that the difficulty of your texts is appropriate, it is also important to make sure that they are interesting to the students. The more interesting the texts are, the more you will like reading, and the sooner they will start doing voluntary reading on their own.
The most important thing about choosing materials for extensive reading is that they are at least 98% comprehensible. There should be very little new vocabulary and very little new grammar. One or two new words per page and maybe one new sentence structure per session would be ideal. If you can already understand that much of the text, new words can often be learned entirely through context. If these few new words appear again and again through out the text, all the better. Words learned like this aren't learned all at once, of course. You may start with a fuzzy understanding of a new word, which gradually gets clearer and clearer as they encounter it again and again in new contexts. This may seem like a slow way to go, but as I argued in my intensive reading article, there really is no short-cut. Translations accompanied by a few example sentences are never enough alone.
Quantity of daily Reading
Every day, you should read as much as possible until you feel tired of it. You should also read as many subjects as possible.
Tips on extensive reading
1. Choose a book that would be interesting for you. If the book is not interesting, you won't enjoy your reading, so you won't wish to read at all.
2. Don't get discourage if you understand just 20% or less. The more you read, the better you understand everything, the more words you know. Your reading comprehension will son rise to $40%, then to 60%, then to 80% and finally, you'll understand everything. Use dictionary rarely.
3. Don't use a dictionary for every word you don't know, which would be the best if you see this word throughout the text for 5 time and suddenly you realize its meaning because of context. That's the way the word will be memorized for ages. Besides, the more you refer dictionary, the less you are involved into the story's flow. And your goal is to read, not to understand every single word.
4. If the book is not interesting, do not force yourself. There are lots of other stories that are just waiting for you to read them.
5. Sometimes it's useful to have parallel texts (with translation) if you can find them. That means that you read the passage in the foreign language. And then you read the same passage translated into your own language. This method is extremely good for complicated texts. But do not read sentence by sentence. Read large blocks of information.
As you can see, language learning can be enjoyable and pleasant process. Moreover, it can be successful with less efforts that you usually thought about. Just start reading foreign books, and sooner or later you'll realize that you understand the language and even can speak it easily.
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