metaphor and how to write metaphor
metaphor and its usage
A metaphor compares two things by identifying one with the other. It does not say that A is like B, but that A is B. The following are some examples:
1. Tom is a machine.
2. Life is a journey
Common types of metaphor
1. Dead metaphor: a dead metaphor is one in which the sense of the transferred image is absent. Examples: "to grasp a concept" and "to gather what you've understood" use physical action as a metaphor for understanding, most do not visualize the action; dead metaphors normally go unnoticed. Some people distinguish between a "dead metaphor" whose origin most speakers ignore, e.g. "to break the ice". Others use dead metaphor to denote both concepts, and generally use it to describe a metaphoric clich¨¦.
2. Extended metaphor (conceit): it establishes a principal subject (comparison) and subsidiary subjects (comparisons). The As You Like It quotation is a good example, the world is described as a stage, and then men and women are subsidiary subjects further described in the same context.
3. Mixed metaphor: it is one that leaps from one identification to a second identification inconsistent with the first. Example: "If we can hit that bullseye then the rest of the dominoes will fall like a house of cards.
4. Absolute metaphor: it denotes a figure or a concept that cannot be reduced to, or replaced with solely conceptual thought and language. Absolute metaphors, e.g. "light" (for "truth") and "seafaring" (for "human existence") - have distinctive meanings (unlike the literal meanings), and, thereby, function as orientations in the world, and as theoretic questions, such as presenting the world as a whole. Because they exist at the pre-predicative level, express and structure pragmatic and theoretical views of Man and the World.
In sum, metaphors are figures of speech through which words or phrases are used to describe or qualify others with which they is not normally associated, so as to imply a comparison.
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