english participle and its usage
A participle can be a verb or an adjective (participial phrase). It is a derivative of a non-finite verb, which can be used in compound tenses or voices, or as a modifier. Participles often share properties with other parts of speech, in particular adjectives and nouns.
There are two participles: The present participle and the past participle. They can both be used as adjectives.
The present participle is formed by adding "-ing" to the base form of a verb. It is used in:
1. Continuous or Progressive verb forms. Some examples are as follows:
1) Tom is leaving in an hour's time.
2) Mary is watching TV.
2. As an adjective. Some examples are as follows:
1. A dying woman.
2. Mary is a charming person.
3. As a gerund. An example is as follows:
1. Tom is afraid of driving a car.
The past participle is formed by adding "-ed" to the base form, unless it is an irregular verb. It is used:
1. As an adjective. Some examples are as follows:
1) A tired football team.
2) Spoken words cannot be taken.
With the auxiliary verb "have" to form the perfect aspect. Some examples are as follows:
1) The computer store has closed.
2) Tom is just arrived..
With the verb "be" to form the passive. Some examples are as follows:
1) He was robbed two months ago.
2) The computer was fixed.
If you need more info about english participle, please have a look at our Grammar manual
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