english clause and its usage
A clause is a part of a sentence which has a subject and a main verb. Tom loves Mary is a sentence which has only one clause. Tom loves Mary and Tom will always love Mary is a sentence which has two clauses. The two clauses are Tom loves Mary and Tom will always love Mary. These clauses are joined together by the word "and" called conjunction.
Two clauses can be joined with a pronoun. For example: Tom lives in Toronto, which is in Canada. Here, "Tom live in Toronto" is the first clause, and "which is in Canada" is the second clause. The word which is a pronoun which takes the place of Toronto. It joins the two clauses.
A subordinating clause is one which is dependent on the main clause. The main clause makes sense on its own. However, the subordinating clause does not. The following are the main types of clause:
1. INDEPENDENT CLAUSE
This clause is a sentence and can act as a sentence. The following is an example:
Tom wanted a new computer.
2. SUBORDINATE CLAUSES
A subordinate clause has a subordinator. The following is an example:
Tom knew that he wanted a new computer.
3. ADVERBIAL CLAUSES
Adverbial clauses modify the entire independent clause or another subordinate clause to which they might be attached. Some adverbial subordinators:" because, while, as, if, when, although, as if, after, since, unless, before, until". Adverbial clauses signal common adverbial meanings such as time of the event, place of the event, manner of the event, cause of the event or condition for the event.
The following are some examples:
1. Tom hasn't been skating since he went to Toronto last year.
2. Tom stood there as if he was frozen to the spot.
3. Tom jogs where there is no traffic in the morning.
4. RELATIVE CLAUSES
Relative clauses modify nouns and sometimes indefinite pronouns. Relative clauses occur with the relative pronouns "that, who, which, whom, whose" Relative clauses may also begin with the following relative adverbs "when, where, why". The following are some examples:
1. Tom saw the player [who hit you].
2. Tom saw the player [that hit you].
3. Tom likes the park [where he jogs].
4. Tom would like to know the reason [why you didn't eat the meat].
5. NOMINAL CLAUSES
Nominal clauses function as nouns and are subordinated by one of the following subordinating conjunctions 'how that what when where whether which who why". Nominal clauses may be replaced with a pronoun. The following are some examples:
1. [How Tom did it] is not my concern. (That is not my concern)
2. [That Tom wanted a computer] was irrelevant in the classroom discussion. ( It was irrelevant)
If you need more info about english clause, please have a look at our Grammar manual
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