A bibliography is a list of publications found at the end of a book or research paper. This list tells the reader about other books / sources written on the same topic or names the books / sources used by the author for his / her research. Whenever you are writing something such as a book, an academic work, a magazine article, etc. you should include a bibliography. Any uncredited reference, even if the exact words are not used, is considered as plagiarism.
The object of your writing is for you to say something for yourself using the ideas of the subject, for you to present ideas you have learned in your own way. The emphasis should be on working with other people¡¯s ideas, rather than reproducing their words. The ideas and people that you refer to need to be made explicit by a system of referencing. This consists of a list of materials that you have used at the end of the piece of writing and references to this list at various points throughout the essay. The purpose of this is to supply the information needed to allow a user to find a source.
A bibliography actually serves three purposes as follows:
1. For the readers of your paper, to understand what is the paper you're talking about.
2. For someone who tries to reproduce your results, to get back to what you used as a basis.
3. For agencies and recruitment committees, to estimate the quality of your work.
Structure of bibliography
Alphabetical order: Author's last name, first name. Title, Publisher, Place, date.
The following are some examples:
Book by one author
Smith, Mary. A Night Story. Kid Can Press. Toronto, ON. 2008.
Book by two authors
Smith, Mary and Agnes U. Computer Repair Guide. ABC Books, Toronto, AB, 2007.
Cohen, Daniel. "Bigfoot." The World Book Encyclopedia. 1998 Ed., Vol. 2, p. 298.
Periodical (Magazine) Article
Smith, Tom. "Get it Ready", Brothers, September 2008, pp11,18.
Wild Cats. (television program). National Geographic. PBS, KCTS/9, Seattle, 15 May 1995.
Ancient Rome. (videocassette), Claris Corp., Santa Clara, CA, 1993.
English Practice. (computer software), Edusoftmax, Toronto, 1999.
"Spelling Practice". (CD-ROM). Edusoftmax, Toronto, 2000
Author. Title of item. (Online) Available http://address/filename, date of document or download.
Edusoftmax. Computer Repair Tips. (Online) Available http://www.edusoftmax.com/, 2010.
If you need more info about bibliography writing or other types of writing, please go to our Writing tips section
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